Achilles Tendon Rupture: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

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Achilles Tendon Rupture

The Achilles tendon is an essential component of the musculoskeletal system, serving as the largest and strongest tendon in the human body. It connects the powerful calf muscles. It is critical for everyday activities such as walking, running, and jumping. However, this tendon is also vulnerable to injury, particularly in athletes or individuals who engage in repetitive physical activities. One common injury is an Achilles tendon rupture, which occurs when the tendon tears, resulting in sudden and severe pain. This post will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for Achilles tendon rupture.

Causes of Achilles Tendon Rupture

Achilles tendon rupture can occur due to various factors, including sudden movements, overuse, and degeneration over time.

Common causes include:

  • A sudden increase in physical activity.
  • A forceful push-off during running.
  • Direct trauma to the back of the ankle.

Certain risk factors can also increase the likelihood of Achilles tendon ruptures, such as age, gender (more common in males), and underlying medical conditions like obesity, diabetes, and arthritis.

Symptoms of Achilles Tendon Rupture

Symptoms of an Achilles tendon rupture include sudden pain in the back of the ankle, swelling, stiffness, and difficulty in walking or standing on tiptoes.

In partial ruptures, the pain may be less severe, and the individual may be able to continue walking with a limp. However, complete break downs are often more powerful and can result in a popping sound or sensation during injury.

Treatment Options for Achilles Tendon Rupture

Treatment options for Achilles Tendon Repair Houston can vary depending on the severity of the injury.

  • Open Surgery for Achilles Tendon Rupture
    Open surgery for Achilles tendon rupture involves making a large incision in the back of the ankle to expose the torn tendon. The surgeon then attaches the tendon to the heel bone using sutures or anchors. While this approach may offer a more direct method of repair, it also carries a higher risk of complications such as infection and nerve damage.
  • Percutaneous Surgery for Achilles Tendon Rupture
    Percutaneous surgery for an Achilles tendon rupture involves using smaller incisions and a camera to guide the reattachment of the tendon. This approach may result in a shorter recovery time and fewer complications, but it may not be suitable for all patients, especially those with larger tears or severe degeneration.

Recovery and Rehabilitation After Achilles Tendon Rupture Surgery

After surgery, immobilization with a cast or brace is typically required for several weeks to allow the tendon to heal. Physical therapy can help gradually restore the range of motion and strength and slowly return to normal activities over several months. Common challenges during this process include pain, stiffness, and muscle weakness, but with proper rehabilitation, most patients can expect to return to their previous activity level.

In conclusion, an Achilles tendon rupture is a common injury resulting from sudden movements, overuse, and degeneration over time. Symptoms can include sudden pain, swelling, and difficulty walking, and treatment options can consist of nonsurgical and surgical approaches. Recovery and rehabilitation can take several months, but most patients can expect to return to their previous activity level with proper care and physical therapy. Following preventative measures and taking care of your body can reduce your risk of future injuries and maintain a healthy and active lifestyle. If you are experiencing symptoms of Achilles tendon rupture, don’t hesitate to contact us.

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